Significance Of Advisory Services In Merger And Acquisition

A takeover can be a process wherein an acquirer gets control control of the prospective company. The acquirer may do so without or with the consent from the shareholders. Below are a few with their defenses used in the U.S, Europe and India

Pac-man Defence

This plan is often employed to prevent a hostile takeover. Here the prospective company counters the takeover bid if you attempt to obtain the bidder’s company start by making a counter offer to purchase the process of the acquiring company. This diverts the attention in the acquirer, who becomes busy in preventing the takeover of their own company. The hostile takeover attempt of Martin Marietta by Bendix Corporation in 1982 is a good example. As a result of the takeover bid, Martin Marietta started buying Bendix stock with the aim of assuming treatments for the company.

Nancy Reagan Defence

This plan could be the one the place that the board from the directors from the target company avoid the formal bid created by the acquirer towards the shareholders to acquire their shares. The board of directors possess the authority to face up to a takeover attempt and the matter ends here. The constitution with the company gives them this authority. The word is the term for a catch phrase coined by U.S. first lady Nancy Reagan advocating “abstinence from recreational drug use’’.

Bank Mail

A bank mail defense technique is one the place that the bank of the target firm refuses financing alternatives to the firm that is thinking about taking it over. This can be done with the aim of preventing an acquisition by doing the subsequent:
•\tDepriving the merger through non option of finance
•\tIncreasing the transaction costs in the acquirer
•\tDelaying the takeover and permitting the prospective firm to produce other anti-takeover strategies

The acquiring firm could also try to keep other businesses out from the fray. By way of example, Company A looking to buy Company B may seek an assurance coming from a bank that it’ll either finance Company A’s bid or no bid whatsoever. A real strategy can also be used to block others in the takeover fray.

Crown Jewel Defence

Crown jewel represents essentially the most valuable unit or department of a company. They are categorized as crown jewels based on their profitability, price of assets owned, and future growth prospects. Because these are the best parts of the business, they are generally used as a takeover defense. Here the organization creates anti-takeover clauses whereby it contains the directly to sell off the crown jewels in the case of a hostile takeover.


Sandbag comes about when the mark firm tends to defer the takeover or acquisition with the hope that another firm, with better offers, may takeover instead. To put it differently, it’s the process where the mark firm “kills time” while expecting a much more eligible firm to initiate the takeover.

It becomes an anti-takeover strategy whereby the mark firm issues a charter preventing people with greater than 10% ownership of convertible securities including convertible bonds, convertible preference shares, and warrants from transferring these securities to voting stock. This charter gets a barrier and hostile takeover becomes difficult. In the event the acquirer enters this trap, it might be tough to exit because acquirer can neither acquire controlling stake available in the target, nor can it exit from the limited stake acquired.

Our sophisticated team has complete understanding of various exercises and technicalities which can be utilized in our services. Our services includes Strategy Consulting, GST Consulting, Asset Management, Feasibility Study, International Arbitration, Due Dilligence, Franchisee Consulting, Financial Audits, Operational Audits, Tax Heaven Registrations, Shareholder Agreements, Start-up Consulting, IP Consulting, Taxation Services, Accounting system design and Mergers Acquisitions.
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